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AQUACULTURE FISH HATCHERY

Undoubtedly one of the most important and special section of fish farm is aquaculture fish hatchery. In this section, fish are prepared for the future as healthy as the beginning of their lives. The time between fertilization and fingerling of the egg is artificially prepared in this part. The hatchery can be a part of the aquaculture farms on the other hand, the whole farm can only be used as a hatchery.

REQUIREMENTS OF AQUACULTURE FISH HATCHERY

Regardless of the production methods or the product, the requirements of hatcheries are generally the same and do not change. Some important and unchanging requirements can be found in the following topics;

EQUIPMENT


There should be aquaculture fish hatchery equipment and supplies available that includes; tanks, chemicals, containers, nets, filters, aerators, buckets etc. All of these equipment items have different important roles in the success of aquaculture fish hatchery. For instance; for better observation and health of fish a small tank is better then the big one. Also , to keep male and female fish in separate hatchery tanks is preferable.

BREEDING FISH


Breeding items which means breeding fish always should be available. Aquaculture farmers should obtain matured male and female fish with favorable traits to add his hatchery because of sexual diamorphism in fish. Breeding items should have good past of rapid growth rate.

MARKET


If the farmer couldn’t operate his hatchery system to feed his farm, there is always a ready market to patronize him of his stock. Therefore, aquaculture fish hatchery system must be managed correctly and properly.

AVAILABILITY OF FEED


Fingerlings are fed with plankton, the supply of this material should be planned properly. Limited stock can cause underfeeding of fish and this situation can cause loss of all of them. This is why the farmer must manage the proliferation and growth system correctly and properly. Alternatively, the fish should have sufficient feed for a healthy diet. Because the quality and content of the feed will determine how healthy the fingerlings will be in the future, great care must be taken when purchasing.

WATER


Of course, sine qua non material in the system is water. A good water supply planning should be manage in order to avoid any inconvenience during the year. In order to maintain the water content, the water should be inspected continuously, meticulously and intervened to return the values to normal if necessary. The water should be well ventilated, cleaned when contaminated and have a neutral pH value.

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